NOTES

Please note that some of the original Website page links listed in the notes have been replaced at the some of the sites listed below. I have left the original 2002 Website citations intact even when a "Page not found" may occur when access is attempted.

BACKGROUND: The Manhattan Project
1) "History of the Plutonium Production Facilities at the Hanford Site Historic District, 1943-1990," Hanford Cultural and historic Resources Program, U.S. Department of Energy, (June 2002): 1.14.
2) Ibid., p. 1.15.
3) Ibid., p. 1.12.
4) Ibid., p. 1.13.
5) Ibid., p. 1.15.
6) Ibid., p. 1.15.
7) Ibid., p. 1.18.
8) Ibid., p. 1.17.
9) Ibid., p. 1.18.
10) Ibid., p. 1.17.
11) Ibid., p. 1.37.
12) Ibid., p. 1.37.
13) Ibid., p. 1.22.
14) Ibid., p. 1.39.
15) Ibid., p. 1.39.

BACKGROUND: Production
1) "History of the Plutonium Production Facilities at the Hanford Site Historic District, 1943-1990," Hanford Cultural and historic Resources Program, U.S. Department of Energy (June 2002).
2) Ibid., p. 1.5.
3) Ibid., p. 1.27.
4) Ibid., pp. 1.27-1.28.
5) Ibid., p. 1.29.
6) Michelle Stenehjem Gerber, "On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site," Second Edition (University of Nebraska Press, 2002), p. 49.
7) Ibid., p. 49.
8) Ibid., p. 50.
9) Ibid., p. 49.
10) Ibid., p. 50.
11) Ibid., p. 50.
12) Ibid., p. 50.
13) Ibid., p. 51.
14) Ibid., p. 51.
15) Ibid., p. 51.
16) Ibid., p. 51.

BACKGROUND: Experiments
1) Michelle Stenehjem Gerber, "On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site," Second Edition, University of Nebraska Press, 2002, p. 174.
2) Ibid., p.173.
3) Ibid., p. 85.
4) "Oral Histories: Health Physicist Carl C. Gamertsfelder, Ph.D.," DOE Openness: Human Radiation Experiments: Roadmap to the Project, (http://tis.eh.doe.gov/ohre/roadmap/histories/0467/0467c.html
5) Neil Stannard, "Radioactivity and Health: A History," p. 761-762.
6) "Roadmap to the Project: Experiments List (Hanford)," Openness: Human Radiation Experiments: Roadmap to the Project, (http://tis.eh.doe.gov/ohre/roadmap/experiments/0491docc.html#0491_Hanford)
7) Ibid.
8) "Chapter 9: Introduction," Openness: Human Radiation Experiments: Roadmap to the Project, (http://tis.eh.doe.gov/ohre/roadmap/achre/chap9_1.html)
9) Ibid.
10) Ibid.

RELEASES: Overview
1) James P. Thomas, "Hanford Radiation Releases: A Report for the Hanford Team," (D8956333, HDDRS), January 7, 1988.
2) Lisa Stiffler, "Hanford's unfinished business," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, April 18, 2002.
3) "A Listing of Radionuclides Released from Hanford," Hanford Health Information Network, Washington Department of Health, (http://www.doh.wa.gov/hanford/publications/history/listing.html).
4) Michelle Stenehjem Gerber, "On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site," Second Edition, University of Nebraska Press, 2002, p. 3.
Gerber, p.5.

RELEASES: Atmospheric
1) Michelle Stenehjem Gerber, "On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site," Second Edition, University of Nebraska Press, 2002, p. 85.
2) Ibid., p. 3.
3) Ibid., p. 97.
4) Richard A. Du Bey, Connie Sue Martin and R. Brent Walton, '"Downwinders' still press their case against Hanford," Environmental Outlook, Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce, August 20, 1998.
5) Gerber, ibid., p. 73.
6) Gerber, ibid., p. 72.
7) Gerber, ibid., p. 72.
8) "Potential Health Problems from Exposure to Selected Radionuclides," Hanford Health Information Network, Washington Department of Health, (http://www.doh.wa.gov/hanford/publications/overview/ radionuclides.html).
9) Ibid.
10) Gerber, ibid., p. 98.
11) Ibid., "Potential Health Problems..."

RELEASES: Ground
1) Jim Lynch, "Raising hell at Hanford," Seattle Times, October, 17, 1999.
2) Richard A. Du Bey, Connie Sue Martin and R. Brent Walton, "'Downwinders' still press their case against Hanford," Environmental Outlook, Seattle Daily Journal of Commerce, August 20, 1998.
3) Michelle Stenehjem Gerber, "On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site," Second Edition, University of Nebraska Press, 2002, p. 147.
4) Danny Westneat, "Hanford's (dirty little) secret," Seattle Times, July 28, 1996.
5) Gerber, ibid., Pg.163.
6) Westneat, ibid.
7) Westneat, ibid.
8) Du Bey, Martin

RELEASES: Columbia River
1) "Environmental Radiological Surveillance Report on Oregon Surface Waters,1961-1993," Oregon Health Division, Radiation Protection Services (Dec. 1994): 1.
2) "History of the Plutonium Production Facilities at the Hanford Site Historic District, 1943-1990," Hanford Cultural and Historic Resources Program, U.S. Department of Energy (June 2002): 1.30.
3) Michelle Stenehjem Gerber, "On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site," Second Edition (University of Nebraska Press, 2002), p.115.
4) WH Walters, et al. "Literature and Data Review for the Surface-Water Pathway: Columbia River and Adjacent Coastal Areas," PNL-8083, Battelle: April 1992, p. 5.5.
5) Jim Lynch, "Raising hell at Hanford," Seattle Times, October 17, 1999.
6) R.B. Hall and P.C. Jerman, "Permissable Limits - Release of Reactor Effluent to the Columbia River," HW-24356 (RL: HAPO, May 6, 1952) pp.1-2.
7) "Radionuclides in the Columbia River: Possible Health Problems in Humans and Effects on Fish," Hanford Health Information Network, Washington Department of Health, (http://www.doh.wa.gov/hanford/publications/overview/columbia.html).
8) WH Farris et al. "Columbia River Dosimetry Report, 1944-1992." PNWD-2227; July 1994. p. 4.4.
9) Dave Birkland, "More Hanford radiation? Indians may have higher exposure than previously estimated," Seattle Times, January 25, 2002.
10) "Radionuclides in the Columbia River: Possible Health Problems in Humans and Effects on Fish," Hanford Health Information Network, Washington Department of Health, (http://www.doh.wa.gov/hanford/publications/overview/columbia.html).

RELEASES: The Green Run
1) "Intentional Atmospheric Releases of Radioactive Material," Chapter 5, Report on Search for Search for Human Radiation Experiment Records, 1944-1994, Volume 2, Department of Defense.
2) Ibid, see note no.1
3) Michelle Stenehjem Gerber, "On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site," Second Edition, University of Nebraska Press, 2002, p. 91.
4) "What We Know Now," Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments, Department of Energy.
5) Gerber, ibid., pg. 92.
6) Ibid, (see note 1)
7) Gerber, ibid., pg. 91.
8) Ibid, (see note 1)
9) Dalton, Garb, Lovrich, Pierce, Whiteley, "Critical Masses: Citizens, Nuclear Weapons Production, and Environmental Destruction in the United States and Russia," MIT Press, 1999, pg. 40.
10) Gerber, ibid., pg. 90-91.

REPERCUSSIONS: Downwinders
1) As of 2012, the Washington State Department of Health Hanford Website has been incorporated into the Nuclear Waste page on their site at: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/nwp/index.html.
2) "Chapter 11: What we know now," ACHRE Report, DOE Openness: Human Radiation Experiments: Roadmap to the Project, (http://tis.eh.doe.gov/ohre/roadmap/achre/chap11_2.html).
3) "An Overview of Hanford and Radiation Health Effects," Hanford Health Information Network, Washington Department of Health, (http://www.doh.wa.gov/hanford/publications/overview/ overview.html).
4) Ibid.
5) "Potential Health Problems from Exposure to Selected Radionuclides," Hanford Health Information Network, Washington Department of Health, (http://www.doh.wa.gov/hanford/publications/overview/ radionuclides.html).
6) "Radionuclides in the Columbia River: Possible Health Problems in Humans and Effects on Fish," Hanford Health Information Network, Washington Department of Health, (http://www.doh.wa.gov/hanford/publications/overview/columbia.html).
7) "Health Bulletin: Radioactive materials Released from Hanford, 1944-1972," Hanford Health Information Network, Washington Department of Health, (http://www.doh.wa.gov/hanford/publications/overview/bulletin.html#VC2c2.
8) Tom Paulson, "Thyroid disease study finds no link to Hanford releases," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, June 22, 2002.
9) Ibid.
10) Hal Bernton, "Hanford cancer compensation: promised, elusive," Seattle Times, March 3, 2002.
11) Ibid.

Please see the CDC's Radiation and Your Health page at: www.cdc.gov/nceh/radiation/brochure/profile_hanford.htm for current information on the (HEDR) and the (HTDS).

REPERCUSSIONS: Native Americans
1) Dave Birkland, "More Hanford radiation? Indians may have higher exposure than previously estimated," Seattle Times, January 25, 2002.
2) Lisa Stiffler, "Toxic fish imperil tribes," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, July 31, 2002.
3) Ibid.
4) Ibid.

REPERCUSSIONS: Environment
1) "Hanford Nuclear Reservation Radioactive Accident, Table II.1-B-12, 100 Areas Unplanned Releases," D8956027.
2) Annette Cary, " Radioactive rabbit trapped near Richland," Tri-Cities Herald, November 5, 2010.
3) Michelle Stenehjem Gerber, "On the Home Front: The Cold War Legacy of the Hanford Nuclear Site," Second Edition, University of Nebraska Press, 2002, p. 127.
4) Linda Ashton, "Yikes! Radioactive Bugs," Augusta Chronicle, October 22, 1998, http://www.augustachronicle.com/stories/102298/tec_124-5901.shtml.
5) Cary, ibid.
6) Gerber, ibid., p 73.
7) Robert McClure, "Hanford fire got close to toxic waste." Seattle Post-Intelligencer, July 1, 2000.
8) "Hanford air tainted at higher levels," Seattle Post-Intelligencer, August 10, 2000.
9) Danny Westneat, "Hanford's (dirty little) secret," Seattle Times, July 28, 1996.
10) List of current Hanford clean-up contractors at: http://www.hanford.gov/page.cfm/HanfordContractors